John, P., Noble, A., & Björkroth, P. (2016). Low-fi simulation of bridge team communication. Wmu Journal Of Maritime Affairs, 15, 15. http://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1007/s13437-015-0097-x (Original work published 01/2016)
The paper compares the pedagogical advantages of two simulation types used for training verbal maritime communication. It tests the hypothesis that “low-fi” simulation using online web conference software, specifically ‘chat’ or messaging, is a valid complementary tool for the instruction of Maritime English and full-mission simulation. Based on a series of exercises involving multi-national and multi-lingual students, various linguistic patterns are determined and compared to audio recordings of full-mission simulation. Probability of superiority effect sizes is computed to quantify the observed effects. The findings corroborate the proximity of language patterns found in low-fi and full-mission simulation. Pedagogical implications are discussed, and future research possibilities are outlined.