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Hydraulic variable inertia flywheel


A novel variable inertia flywheel that uses the mass of a rotating hydraulic fluid is proposed in this paper. In contrast to variable inertia flywheels that use solid masses, this flywheel stands out for its simplicity. In contrast to many other common energy storages, it does not require any environmentally harmful, rare or expensive materials. The basic working principle and the equations that cover the hydraulic behaviour, the pneumatic behaviour and the energy from angular momentum are introduced. These equations are applied to the geometry of the proposed flywheel concept, which allows quantifying the pressures that act on the different mechanical flywheel components. These pressures, together with the centrifugal acceleration from rotation, lead to the loads that have to be withstood by the mechanical components. A simple method for quantifying these loads, and for dimensioning the mechanical components, allows deriving the stationary masses and inertias. A parameter study is conducted, in which different parameters of the flywheel are varied in order to find the maxima in energy density and specific energy. The results of this parameter study reveal that the proposed hydraulic variable inertia flywheel is a very simple and safe energy storage that could provide AC power systems with inertia and control power to support their frequency.


Jauch C, Jost R, Kloft P. Hydraulic variable inertia flywheel. Applied Energy. 2024;360:16. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2024.122830.
Jauch, C. ., Jost, R. ., & Kloft, P. . (2024). Hydraulic variable inertia flywheel. Applied Energy, 360, 16. http://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2024.122830 (Original work published Februar 2024)
Jauch, Clemens, Rebecca Jost, und Peter Kloft. (2024) 2024. „Hydraulic Variable Inertia Flywheel“. Applied Energy 360. United Kingdom: Elsevier: 16. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2024.122830.
Jauch, Clemens, Rebecca Jost, und Peter Kloft. „Hydraulic Variable Inertia Flywheel“. Applied Energy 360 (2024): 16.
Jauch, Clemens, u. a. „Hydraulic Variable Inertia Flywheel“. 2024. Applied Energy, Bd. 360, Elsevier, 2024, S. 16, doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2024.122830.


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    Research Article
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    United Kingdom
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